Drought Policies and Plans

The National Drought Management Policy Guidelines provide a template for action that countries can use in the development of a national drought management policy and drought preparedness/mitigation plans. The process is structured in 10 steps that can be adapted by countries to reflect their institutional, infrastructure, legal, socio-economic and environmental context.

The 10 steps in the development of a National Drought Management Policy

step-1Appoint a national drought management policy commissionstep-6Identify research needs and fill institutional gaps
step-2State or define the goals and objectives of a risk-based national drought management policystep-7Integrate science and policy aspects of drought management
step-3Seek stakeholder participation; define and resolve conflicts between key water use sectors, considering also transboundary implicationsstep-8Publicize the national drought management policy and preparedness plans and build public awareness and consensus
step-4Inventory data and financial resources available and identify groups at riskstep-9Develop education programmes for all age and stakeholder groups
step-5Prepare/write the key tenets of the national drought management policy and preparedness plans, including the following elements: monitoring, early warning and prediction; risk and impact assessment; and mitigation and responsestep-10Evaluate and revise national drought management policy and supporting preparedness plans

National Drought Management Policies Guidelines

Available in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish


CountryDrought policy/plan
AlgeriaNational Drought Plan Algeria
ArgentinaAction Plan for Comprehensive Drought Risk Management in Argentina
Australia1992 National Drought Policy and Intergovernmental Agreement on National Drought Program Reform
BeninNational Drought Plan Benin
BrazilDrought conditions and management strategies in Brazil (UNW-DPC NDMP Country Report)
ChileNational Drought Plan in Chile
ChinaPeople's Republic of China Drought Ordinance
ChinaLaw of the People's Republic of China on Soil and Water Conservation
ColombiaNational Strategy for Integrated Drought Management in Colombia
Dominican RepublicNational Drought Plan Dominican Republic
The GambiaNational Drought Plan The Gambia
GrenadaGrenada Drought Management Plan
JordanNational Drought Action Plan of Jordan
LiberiaLiberia National Drought Plan
MexicoNational Programme Against Drought (PRONACOSE)
MoroccoIntegrated Drought Management System (UNW-DPC Regional Workshop Report)
NigeriaNigeria National Drought Plan
MoroccoDrought conditions and management strategies in Morocco (UNW-DPC NDMP Country Report - Morocco)
PhilippinesPhilippines National Drought Plan
PhilippinesSierra Leone Drought Management Plan
PortugalPrevent on Monitoring and Contigency Plan for Drought Situations
SlovakiaSlovak National Action Plan to Combat Drought
South AfricaAn Update on Drought Interventions and Strategies by the Portfolio Committee on Water and Sanitation
SpainSpecial Drought Plans of Basin Organizations
SpainSudan National Drought Plan
TogoTogo National Drought Plan
USANational Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)
USAReady initiative
ZambiaZambia National Drought Plan
ZimbabweZimbabwe National Drought Plan
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