The National Drought Management Policy Guidelines provide a template for action that countries can use in the development of a national drought management policy and drought preparedness/mitigation plans. The process is structured in 10 steps that can be adapted by countries to reflect their institutional, infrastructure, legal, socio-economic and environmental context.
The 10 steps in the development of a National Drought Management Policy
|Appoint a national drought management policy commission||Identify research needs and fill institutional gaps|
|State or define the goals and objectives of a risk-based national drought management policy||Integrate science and policy aspects of drought management|
|Seek stakeholder participation; define and resolve conflicts between key water use sectors, considering also transboundary implications||Publicize the national drought management policy and preparedness plans and build public awareness and consensus|
|Inventory data and financial resources available and identify groups at risk||Develop education programmes for all age and stakeholder groups|
|Prepare/write the key tenets of the national drought management policy and preparedness plans, including the following elements: monitoring, early warning and prediction; risk and impact assessment; and mitigation and response||Evaluate and revise national drought management policy and supporting preparedness plans|