Vulnerability & Impact Assessment
The goal of Vulnerability and Impact Assessment (Pillar 2) is to determine the primary historical, current and, likely, future impacts associated with drought (impact assessment) and to assess the root cause of these impacts, i.e, vulnerability assessment. Drought impact and vulnerability assessment is directed at gaining an understanding of both the natural and human processes associated with drought and the impacts that occur. An outcome of Pillar 2 is the creation of a vulnerability profile for each sector, region, population group or community, i.e., vulnerability mapping.
An archive of drought impacts that have occurred historically does not exist for the vast majority of countries. However, an assessment of historical drought impacts is valuable information that supports of the goals of Pillar 2. Anecdotal information on recent and historical droughts may be available from local authorities and indigenous populations. It is likely that more recent drought impacts are documented more thoroughly.
From: WMO/GWP 2018 (not yet published)
Examples of tools and databases
|Deltares, GFDRR, UCSB, NDMC, VU, IHE Delft||Catalogue of Drought Hazard and Risk Tools|
|UNCCD||UNCCD Drought Toolbox - Vulnerability and Risk Assessment Tools|
|Global Drought Observatory (GDO)||Drought Reports and Database of Drought Events|
|National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC)||Drought Impact Reporter|
|European Drought Center (EDC)||Drought Impact Database|
|Drought Watch||Drought Impact Monitor|
|UNISDR||DesInventar (Disaster Information Management System)|
|Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED)||EM DAT|
|UN-SPIDER||UN-SPIDER Knowledge Portal - Data Sources|
|GEF, UN Environment, IWA, DHI||Flood and Drought Portal|