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Vulnerability & Impact Assessment

The goal of Vulnerability and Impact Assessment (Pillar 2) is to determine the primary historical, current and, likely, future impacts associated with drought (impact assessment) and to assess the root cause of these impacts, i.e, vulnerability assessment.  Drought impact and vulnerability assessment is directed at gaining an understanding of both the natural and human processes associated with drought and the impacts that occur.  An outcome of Pillar 2 is the creation of a vulnerability profile for each sector, region, population group or community, i.e., vulnerability mapping.

An archive of drought impacts that have occurred historically does not exist for the vast majority of countries.  However, an assessment of historical drought impacts is valuable information that supports of the goals of Pillar 2.  Anecdotal information on recent and historical droughts may be available from local authorities and indigenous populations.  It is likely that more recent drought impacts are documented more thoroughly.

From: WMO/GWP 2018 (not yet published)

 

Examples of tools and databases

InstitutionTool/database
National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC)Drought Impact Reporter
European Drought Center (EDC)Drought Impact Database
UNISDRDesInventar (Disaster Information Management System)
Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED)EM DAT
UN-SPIDERUN-SPIDER Knowledge Portal - Data Sources
GEF, UN Environment, IWA, DHIFlood and Drought Portal

Examples of reports

InstitutionYearReport
WFP and Ministry of Disaster Management of Sri Lanka2017Sri Lanka Joint Assessment of Drought Impact on Food Security and Livelihoods
Federal Government of Somalia with support by the World Bank, United Nations and European Union2018Somalia drought impact and needs assessment (Vol. 1): Synthesis report; (Vol. 2): Sector reports; (Vol. 3): Federal member state and administrative region reports
Multi-Agency Drought Assessment Team (MDAT) - Disaster Management Authority (DMA) of Lesotho2016Rapid Drought Impact Assessment Report
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) of Timor-Leste2016Rapid Drought Impact Assessment - El Niño 2015/2016
FAO, EC, Food Economy Group, Pakistan Food Security Cluster2016Household Economy Analysis - Drought Impact Assessment 2015: Jamshoro, Umerkot & Tharparkar Districts of Sindh Province
OXFAM2016Report on Drought Impact Assessment of the Schouten Islands, East Sepik Province, PNG 15–19 Feb 2016
Government of the Republic of Malawi, European Union, United Nations, World Bank2016Malawi drought 2015-2016 Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA)
Government of the Republic of Kenya, European Union, United Nations, World Bank2011Kenya Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) 2008-2011 Drought